Darwin's Fox is endemic to Chile. It has a disjunct distribution with two
populations: one found in the forests of Chiloé Island (42°S, 74°W), and another
on the coastal mountains in Nahuelbuta National Park of mainland Chile (37°45'S,
Population trend: Decreasing
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Habitat and Ecology: Darwin's Fox is generally believed to be a forest
obligate species found only in southern temperate rainforests (Jaksic et al.
1990; Medel et al. 1990). Recent research on Chiloé, based on trapping
and telemetry data on a disturbance gradient, indicates that, in decreasing
order, foxes use old-growth forest followed by secondary forest followed by
pastures and openings (Jiménez 2000). Although variable among individuals, about
70% of their home ranges comprised old-growth forest. However, compared with the
amount available, foxes preferred secondary forest and avoided old growth.
Selection of openings varied among individuals. The forest is of Valdivian type,
comprising a few native conifers and several species of broad-leaved evergreen
species, and dominated by fruit-bearing trees of the Mirtaceae family. This
forest is dense, with different strata and very moist all year round (Jiménez
et al. 1990).
Detailed Species Account
A detailed summary of the biology and conservation status of this species from the CSG's Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs - 2004 Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan) is available on-line here.
Spanish: zorro de Darwin, zorro de Chiloé; zorro chilote; Indigenous names: Huilliche: payneguru (i.e. blue fox)(Chile).
Darwin's fox - (c)
(for more photos of this and other wild canid species, see: