The Indian Fox is endemic to the Indian subcontinent. Although widespread, it occurs at low densities throughout its range, and populations can undergo major fluctuations due to prey availability. Due to loss of short grassland-scrub habitat to intensive agriculture, industry and development projects the Indian Fox population is on the decline. However, the decline is unlikely to be sufficient to warrant the listing of the species in a threatened category and therefore is currently assessed as Least Concern.
Population trend: Decreasing
Habitat and Ecology: The Indian Fox prefers semi-arid, flat to undulating terrain, scrub and grassland habitats where it is easy to hunt and dig dens. It avoids dense forests, steep terrain, tall grasslands and true deserts. The species is relatively abundant in the biogeographic zones 3, 4 and 6 of India, in which rainfall is low, and the vegetation is typically scrub, thorn or dry deciduous forests, or short grasslands (Rodgers et al. 2000). In the Indian peninsula, the species is restricted to the plains and open scrub forest.
Major Threats: Although the Indian Fox is widespread, it occurs
at low densities throughout its range, and populations can undergo major
fluctuations due to prey availability. It is also quite sensitive to human
modifications of its habitat. With expanding human populations and continued
development of grasslands and "wastelands" for agricultural and industrial uses,
the habitat of the Indian Fox is continuously being depleted. The combination of
above factors along with disease and/or natural mortality could potentially
cause local extinctions. In certain states like Gujarat, Maharashtra, and
Rajasthan, the Indian Fox habitat is widespread with minimal threats, while in
other states like Karnataka and Tamil Nadu the specialized habitats of the
Indian Fox are under serious threat.
There are no known commercial uses for the Indian Fox, although there is limited localized trade for skin, tail, teeth and claws (for medicinal and charm purposes). There is no trade or potential for trade of the Indian Fox.
Indian Fox - © Punjabi
For more photos and videos of this and other wild canid species, see:
English: Bengal Fox